Yahweh's Watershed, Why there are two creation accounts.
This verse is a station or watershed position, failure to note this causes the purpose of the second account to be obscured. The verse is split in two by some translations, the first part as the conclusion of the first creation and the second part as opener for the second creation.
This makes more of a problem than reading as is.
A literal translation or a Hebrew Interlinear helps here. Translations made for readability seem to miss word order out, here it is critically important.
Please consider this;
Genesis 1 v 1 to 2 v 3 First creation account, God’s actions, no sin. [Creation of Planet & Nature]
Genesis 2 v 4 Explains second account begins during first account.
Genesis 2 v 5 to Revelation 21 v 1 The story of sin, birth to its end. [Creation of World, Satan & rebel Mankind’s system of things.]
1. Heaven and Earth, referring to what is coming in the Bible narrative. [4a]
2. The first use of the divine name; YHWH, Yahweh, [=Jehovah]. [4b]
3. Earth and Heaven, referring to preceding account. [4c]
Note carefully a juxtaposition of words;
Heavens and Earth first part,
Earth and Heaven second part.
It tells more than it seems at first;
The second Earth and Heaven are made by God, this order is peculiar.
Sorting three heavens apart.
It can be explained easily because we can deduce what the Heaven formed after the Earth is. One Heaven [God’s abode] is before all material creation, so it's not that. The starry Heavens are before or as old as the Earth, so it's not that. But the Earth we stand on was made by God before he made the Bird Heaven, the Expanse.
Therefore we could jump to the conclusion, the [first part] Heaven and Earth to be the starry Heaven and Earth. But that would be wrong, for two reasons;
1. Because the verse structure implies the first [H&E] comes to be during the second [E&H] whilst God was making it.
2. Although not clear in all but the more literal translations, the first [H&E] has terms of generations/birth/origins, which should place it after the creation of sex.
So after struggling have you now jumped ahead to the conclusion?
The first Heaven and Earth of Genesis 2 v 4 is the “sinful World” Adam & Eve made for us, made during the final part of God’s good/very good creation: Our Earthly home with bird filled sky.
Consider: Matthew 4 v 8,9 & John 14 v 30 & 2Peter 3 v 7-
The world, system of things, the ruler of this world,
God Identified, named; meaning associates with Creative actions.
Genesis 2 v 4b
Genesis 2 v 4 is the first mention of God's name: YHWH in Hebrew which becomes Yahweh or Jehovah in English. So why here? The first mention could just be the way things happened, but, some [this writer included] think the placement has more reason to it.
To place the name away from the start and use only the general form God hereto, causes the assertion of personal identity to stand out, a dramatic rather than first things first introduction. [Though this is not clear to see in translations avoiding the name of God. Check your Bible's footnotes and Preface, often LORD seen in all capital letters is used in YHWH' s place.]
The Genesis 2 v 4 placement easily connects with the honour of achievement in completing the creation. It stands to reason that a personal relationship between Mankind and Creator is not possible until Mankind have first been created!
Therefore placement here is after qualification to be God, by doing the creation.
v 4c. God's creation was completed, during this he was in control and all ends well -
Placing the name Yahweh here on the finish of the achievement, labels that work with his name. The actual glory in this case then is in no way simple, it concerns the whole creation, massive and complex. The person who the name Yahweh labels is individually worthy, and the honours due are rightfully his to enjoy; Revelation 4 v 11. Note in the English speaking world Exodus 20 v 7 applies to the two versions of the name “Yahweh” and “Jehovah”. The name is clearly attached to the glory of being the creator.
v 4a. The coming problems are quite different. The Artisan is to be the Deity, he will allow the coming challenge and match it, will supervise Human redemption, will in time put all things right. This is the living God continually doing what is required and we learn more and will learn more. Compare: Exodus 6 v 3 & 1Cor 2 v 9 & Revelation 1 v 4.
The Name of God is here linked with his works, his proven ability by doing. This in the first part links the name with proof by works, the name Yahweh holding in a sense the acquired title of Creator within it and his claim to be God by qualification of the said, creation. Later as Mankind needs to hope, the name Yahweh has added the sense also of promise at Exodus chapter 3.
Any name represents to all an identity which is owned by a person/thing and identifies that person/thing from all others. Any name remains attached to that person/thing and is used by people to identify, publicise, converse etc., about the person/thing the label names. A name represents what it labels in the world at large, but is itself only that; a label to a reality, only a word. A name/label is a handle or abstract for the peculiar qualities of the real identity so named.
When a name is of a person it often becomes synonymous with reputation, dignity etc., in similar fashion names of products become synonymous with quality, value etc. These letters may or may not have a previous meaning but once attached often lives as if the identity in onlookers minds. With names of persons, the person so named will treat their name as a personal marker/monument and are often very concerned about the public view of it. Gossip/slander may harm a name but is seldom as isolating/excluding as a name ignored. The preceding works from branded fine flour to Yahweh himself.
Consider also: holy holy holy, gold standard, pure, refined, true to type, etc...
[Note that I have avoided the convention of excessive capitals on words where the divine name is used in the context, except where there is a possibility of confusion for example: God where confusion could be made with other gods.
Some of these adopted conventions are all very well, but, seems to be more about the honouring of alphabets, grammar or self indulgent piety in worship, rather than drawing attention to the person called by the name Yahweh. Some talk of glorifying god, omitting what the said glory is for or about, a bit like posting an envelope with nothing written inside and somewhat vague as to Addressee.
We have been given a name to use, in my culture it is an affront to then ignore such an invitation, after being invited a second time. Obsequious play on alphabet or grammar which distracts from the person to obsess with letters, these have become the dill and cumin of far too many.]
Second creation account: Eden and Sin